Volume 25 - Supplementary                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2018, 25 - Supplementary: 115-125 | Back to browse issues page

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Abbaspour A, Barati H, Rahimian H, Abdollahi H, Asadzadeh H. Designing an Academic Optimism Causal model Based on Psychological Capital Components by Mediating psychological climate among the Students of Farhangian University. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2018; 25 :115-125
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2398-en.html
1- Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran , abbaspour1386@gmail.com
2- PhD student of Educational Administration Allameh Tabataba'i University Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1494 Views)
Background and Aim: Although the impact of psychological capital has long been taken into consideration, but today, understanding the relationship between psychological capital and scientific optimism is considered a necessity.  In this study, the psychological structure was studied as a mediator variable in the relationship between organizational capital optimism and psychological capital was studied.
Materials and Methods: This study is descriptive-survey based on the data collection method. In this study, 290 students of Farhangian University were studied as a statistical sample using simple random sampling. Data were collected through a questionnaire. the reliability of the instruments measured using Cronbach's alpha and combined reliability and validity of the instruments was determined using a convergent and divergent validity method. Structural equations and Smart PLS2 software were used to analyze the data.
Results: The findings showed that psychological capital and academic optimism respectively: Prognosis and consequence of psychological atmosphere are considered and scientific optimism with the resilience component has a negative and positive relationship with the components of self-efficacy, hope and optimism (P<0.05). Overall, results indicated that 44 percent of academic optimism changes are directly explained by the components of psychological capital and 45 percent of the scientific, indirect and optimistic changes through the psychological climate mediator variable.
Conclusion: The research has provided important theoretical and empirical findings for future research on academic education and optimism, and also suggests that student perception of the psychological climate is a requirement for scientific optimism.
 
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Medical Education
Received: 2017/12/23 | Accepted: 2018/04/8 | Published: 2018/09/5

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