Instruction For Authors:
1. Aims and Scope: Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences is “the official scientific quarterly publication of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. The journal accepts manuscripts for evaluation and publication on original research, short communication and letter to the editor on all aspects of medical and health sciences. Review articles are only accepted from highly experienced researchers who had already had some publication on the subject.
2. Submission: Always submit three copies of the article and two sets of photographs, illustrations, diagrams etc to the mentioned address. The manuscript must be accompanied by a covering letter to the Editor-in-Chief, including title and author(s) name(s) and undertaking that it has not been published or submitted elsewhere. In case the manuscript was earlier submitted to some other Journal and was rejected, the authors must provide full information for proper analysis. The manuscript should be typed in double space on one side of the A-4 size paper with clear margins on both sides. Tables as well as illustrations should be typed and drawn on a separate paper. Do not submit tables as photographs. Brief communications: reports a concise study of high quality and broad interest. This format is 3-4 printed pages. Brief Communications begin with a brief unreferenced abstract (3 sentences, no more than 70 words). Brief Communications include less than 4 figures and tables and the references not exceed than 10. Letter to the editor: is a kind of articles which accepted just by the editor-in-chief. It`s subject is a evaluation of previous published articles or a brief report of the last research findings. It`s format is 3-4 printed pages without any table and figure, abstract with 150 words and the references not exceed than 5. In case of electronic submission of the manuscript the authors must declare that it is being exclusively contributed to this journal. The text should be submitted in Microsoft Word format as an attachment. The figures should be sent in a format of JPEG or GIF which will produce high quality images in the online edition of the journal. Submission is also acceptable via http:// The manuscript should include: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement and References.
3. Title page: The complete title of the manuscript, the name of all the authors with their highest qualifications, the department or institution with which they cooperate, address for correspondence with telephone numbers, e-mail, and Fax number.
4. Abstract: All original articles must accompany a structured abstract up to 250 words. It should be structured as Background and Aim, Materials & Methods, Results and Conclusion followed by 3 to 5 Key words. Key words will assist indexers in cross indexing the article as they are published with the abstract. Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of index medicus ( Authors need to be careful that the abstract reflects the content of the article accurately.
5. Introduction: This should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusion of the study.
6. Materials & Methods: This should include the exact method or observation or experiment. If an apparatus is used, its manufacturer’s name and address should be given in parentheses. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author would be able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration must be given. For patients age, sex with mean age ± standard deviation must be given. Statistical method must be mentioned and any general computer programm(s) used must be specified. The Info system used should be clearly mentioned.
7. Results: It must be presented in the form of a text, tables and illustrations. The contents of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long articles may need subheadings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.
8. Discussion: This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other works done in the field by other professionals. The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow. It must be mentioned whether the hypothesis mentioned in the article is true, false or no conclusions can be derived.
9. Acknowledgement: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in the acknowledgement section. It should include persons who provided technical help, writing assistance and departmental head who only provided general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.
10. Tables: These should be submitted in limited numbers with the captions placed above. Do not submit tables as photograph. Place explanatory materials in footnotes, not in the heading.
11. Figures: Should be in limited numbers, with high quality art work and mounted on separate pages. The captions should be placed below. The same data should not be presented in tables, figures and text, simultaneously.
12. References: All manuscripts should be accompanied by relevant references. The author should ensure reference to locally published studies by doing proper literature search. It may not be possible for the editor and reviewers to check the accuracy of all reference citations. To minimize such errors the author should verify references against the original documents. References should provide the following information as stated in the presented models as follows:
13. Article: - Gill IS, Higginson LA, Maharajh GS, Keon WJ. Early and follow-up angiography in minimally invasive coronary bypass without mechanical stabilization. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000; 69(6): 56-60.
14. Chapter: -Philips SJ, Whisnant. Hypertention and Stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM. (eds.) Hypertension: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis Management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. pp: 465-78.
15. Book: - Edelman CL, Mandle CL. Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span. 1st. ed. St.Louis: Mosby; 1998, pp:42-47.
16. Proof Reading: A computer print out is sent to the corresponding author for proof reading before publication in order to avoid any mistakes. Corrections should be marked clearly and sent immediately to the Journal office.
17. Abbreviations and Symbols: Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid using them in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.
18. The corresponding author(s) should also be mentioned: They will be supplied with 3 free issues.
19. Ethical guidelines: Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section. 1) Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project. 2) Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals complies with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency.
20. Conflicts of interest: Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it.
21. Page charges: There are no charges for publication in this Journal.
22. Peer review process: All manuscripts are considered to be confidential. They are peer-reviewed by at least 3 anonymous reviewers selected by the Editorial Board. The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the editor decision to accept, reject, or require modifications. If the manuscript is completely acceptable according to the criteria set forth in these instructions, it is scheduled for the next available issue.

The Final Checklist The authors must ensure that before submitting the manuscript for publication, they have taken care of the following:

1. Title page should contain title, name of the author/co-authors, their qualifications, designation and institutions they are affiliated with and mailing address for future correspondence, E-mail address, Phone and Fax number.

2. Abstract in Structured format up to 250 words.

3. References mentioned as stated in the Instruction to Authors section.

4. Tables should be typed on separate pages.

5. Make sure for Headings of Tables, their numbers and Captions of illustrations. Don’t repeat the information in tables if it is covered in the text.

6. Photographs / illustrations along with their captions.

7. Disclosure regarding source of funding and conflict of interest if any besides approval of the study from respective Ethics Committee/Institution Review Board.

8. Letter of Undertaking signed by all the authors.

9. Covering Letter

The Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Mahdi Balali Mood

Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences.

P.O. Box: 97175-379, Birjand, Iran

Tel/Fax: +98 5632440488



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