Volume 25, Issue 4 (December 2018)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2018, 25(4): 334-341 | Back to browse issues page

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Norozi E, moodi M, Malakimoghadam H. Factors affecting arthritis preventive behavior in middle-aged women in Birjand using the Health Belief Model: Short Communication. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2018; 25 (4) :334-341
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2387-en.html
1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical sciences, Birjand, Iran. , fff.nazari@gmail.com
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical sciences, Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (2304 Views)
Arthritis is the most common disease among the elderly. Identification of factors affecting the prevention of arthritis prevention behaviors for the design of preventive interventions it is very important. This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the prevention of arthritis in middle-aged women using the health belief model.
This descriptive-analytic study was performed on 325 women aged 59-29 years. The population of the study consisted of middle-aged women referred to health centers in Birjand who were randomly selected. Data were gathered through a researcher-made questionnaire.the questionnaire consisted of demographic information, health belief model constructs and knowledge questions and its validity and reliability were confirmed. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 19) using stepwise regression test.
The Average age of women studied 39.1 ± 8.4 years. The results of the study showed that 19.1% of subjects had good performance in terms of prevention of arthritis, 36% had moderate performance and 44.9% had poor performance. The most important predictors were self-efficacy (β = 0.37, P <0.001), knowledge (P = 0.26, P <0.001), and finally, perceived severity (β = 0.18, P <0.001). In total, these structures were able to predict 18.1% of the changes in behavioral prevention.
According to the results of the study, most women do not take preventive measures of arthritis, therefore, it is suggested that through educational interventions, awareness, perceived severity, and self-efficacy of individuals should be strengthened to promote the preventive behaviors of arthritis.
Keywords: Arthritis, Middle-age, Women
Full-Text [PDF 421 kb]   (354 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (52 Views)  
Type of Study: Short Communication | Subject: Health Education
Received: 2017/12/13 | Accepted: 2018/06/2

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