Volume 23, Number 3 (October 2016)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2016, 23(3): 268-276 | Back to browse issues page


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Esmaeili A, Akbarzadeh E, Mohammadi Y, Nemati M, Raeisoon M. Relationship between IQ, cultural intelligence and self-monitoring in the students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2016; 23 (3) :268-276
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2075-en.html

1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
3- EDC, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran & Department of Curriculum Development, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabei University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran & PhD Student of Higher Education Management, Allameh Tabatabei University, Tehran, Iran. , raeisoon@bums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3306 Views)

Background and Aim: Intelligence quotient (IQ), cultural intelligence, and self-monitoring are among important and influential parameters in learning-teaching process of students. Thus, the current study examined the relationship between these parameters in the students of Birjand University of Medical Science.

Materials and Methods: The present study was a descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional type. The study population included all the students at Birjand University of Medical Sciences, selected through stratified randomized sampling method. In order to study IQ, cultural intelligence, and self-monitoring parameters R & B Cattell scale (Scale III), Erli’s Cultural Intelligence Inventory, and Snyder’s Self-monitoring Test were applied, respectively. The obtained data was fed into SPSS (V:21) software using Pearson correlation test, ANOVA, and t-test at the significant level of P≤0.05.

Results: From a total of 171 subjects participating in the study, 53.2% were female. The average age of the participants was 21.3±2.7 years. The average IQ, cultural intelligence, and self-monitoring scores were 106±10.44, 85.73±17.31, and 12.35±3.20, respectively. There was a significant correlation between cultural intelligence and self-monitoring (P<0.000; r=0/37). However, there were no significant associations between cultural intelligence and IQ scores as well as between self-monitoring and IQ scores.

Conclusion: Regarding the unfavorable cultural intelligence’ skills and abilities ;and their acquirable nature, it is suggested that University consider a significant position for educational and cultural programs in order to enhance cultural intelligence.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Medical Education
Received: 2016/03/3 | Accepted: 2016/09/17 | Published: 2016/11/15

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