Volume 21, Number 1 (April 2014)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2014, 21(1): 104-110 | Back to browse issues page


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Hosseini S F, Mastery Farahani R, Norozian M, Shakeri N, Hasanzadeh Tahery M M. Determination of cephalic index and shape of head in adult female students in Birjand city during 2013. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2014; 21 (1) :104-110
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-1563-en.html

1- Graduate student of Anatomical Sciences, Department of Anatomy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, faculty of medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant professor Department of Statistic, faculty of paramedicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, faculty of paramedicine, Birjand university of medical sciences, Birjand, Iran , mmhtahery35@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6302 Views)
Background and Aim: Cephalometery, as one of the most significant section of anthropometry examines the facial and cephalic indeces. Since the measurements are affected by geographical factors, gender, age, and race, the obtained results are based on the community under study. Regarding lack of investigations on cephalometry in Birjand, the present study aimed at determining cephalic indexes and standard classification of neurocranium in 15-17 year old female students in the city in 2013. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 437 healthy female 15-17 year old students in Birjand during 2013, who were selected through cluster sampling. Then, cephalic indices of the subjects were determined using standard Martin Scale Cephalometer, according to Gray's Anatomy Cephalometric Method. The obtained data were collected according were analyzed using SPSS soft ware (V:13). Results: Mean maximum head length and breadth in the subjects were found to be 177.6±7.54mm and 141.6±5.84mm, respectively. Total neurocranium index was determined 79.88±4.64 mm. The head shape of 43% of the individuals was mesocephalic, %33/4 brachycephalic, %12/12 hyperbrachycephalic and %11/44 dolichocephalic. Conclusion: The present study on cephalometry revealed that adult female students in Birjand city mostly have a mesocephalic phenotype.
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Type of Study: Other | Subject: Anatomy
Received: 2014/01/16 | Accepted: 2014/04/9 | Published: 2014/06/9

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