Volume 25, Issue 3 (October 2018)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2018, 25(3): 255-262 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahriyari T, Tabatabaei Fard S F, Arefinejad A, Afzale A, Talebi F, Momeni H. Quantity analysis of solid waste in the dentistry offices in birjand, 2017. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2018; 25 (3) :255-262
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2367-en.html
1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Student Research Committee, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
3- Social Determinants of Health research center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences Birjand, Iran. , habibe.momeni@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2864 Views)
Background and Aim: Among the medical wastes, dental wastes have a high diversity and due to its high contents of hazardous, toxic, and pathogenic agents, therefore these wastes are of great importance. The aim of this study was to investigate and analyze the amount of waste produced in dentistry offices in Birjand.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 48 dental offices in the city of Birjand were studied. Sampling was carried out by environmental health experts in three consecutive working days (Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday) from every center. The Samples were divided into 5 categories such as semi-domestic, infectious, chemical-pharmaceutical, toxic and sharp material, Separated and weighed using a laboratory scale. Information was expressed as percentage by weight.
Results: Based on the results, the total amount of waste produced in dental offices in Birjand was 7848.02 kg / year. percentages of semi-domestic, infectious, chemical-pharmaceutical, sharp material, and toxic wastes were 54.3%, 29.7%, 11.8%, 3.9% and 0.11% respectively.
Conclusion: Considering the high volume of dental waste, especially infectious and hazardous materials, the need for separation and recycling in the office is evident. It is necessary to manage the wastes and their separation and recycling in source place.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2017/11/13 | Accepted: 2018/03/10 | Published: 2018/10/7

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