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Moulaei H, Namakin K, Namaei M H. Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori infection and its related factors in asymptomatic children aged 15-9 in Birjand. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2018; 25 (2)
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2315-en.html
1- Resident Student Research Committee, Pediatric Department, Vali-E-Asr Hospital, Birjand University Of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Birjand CardioVascular Diseases Research Center, Department Of Pediatrics, Vali-E-Asr Hospital, Birjand University Of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
3- Professor, Infectious Disease Research Center, Birjand University Of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran , mh_namaie@hotmail.com
Abstract:   (64 Views)
Background and Aim: Gastrointestinal disease is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world. One of the most important causes is Helicobacter pylori infection. Considering the importance of this bacterium and its different prevalence in different parts of the country, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and its related factors in 9-15 year old asymptomatic children in Birjand city.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 332 children aged 9 to 15 years old in Birjand, Iran, in 1395. Individuals who had inclusion criteria were selected by multi-stage sampling. The demographic profile including age, sex, duration of breastfeeding, number of households, and number of yoghurt consumption per week, were completed for children. Helicobacter pylori stool antigen test was used in feces to evaluate Helicobacter pylori infection. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Fisher's exact test at a significant level of 0.05.
Results: Of the 332 children studied, 59 (17.8%) children had Helicobacter pylori infection. Our results showed no significant relationship between sex and duration of lactation with Helicobacter pylori infection (p> 0.05). However, with increasing age and number of family members, Helicobacter pylori infection was significantly increased (p <0.05). By increasing the consumption of yogurt per week, Helicobacter pylori infection was significantly reduced (p = 0.02).
Conclusion: Based on the results, in order to reduce Helicobacter pylori infection and its complications, health education, especially for populous families, and regular dairy consumption (yogurt) in the daily diet, is recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 251 kb]   (19 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2017/08/6 | Accepted: 2018/03/7

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