Volume 24, Issue 2 (July 2017)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2017, 24(2): 108-116 | Back to browse issues page

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Taene A, Niazi S, Bijari B, Esmaeili S, Anani Sarab G. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its related factors in AqQala city in 2016. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2017; 24 (2) :108-116
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2283-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Health department, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
3- Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
4- Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences , Birjand, Iran. , ghansa@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6553 Views)
Background and Aim: Vitamin D is provided through dietary intake or synthesis in the skin by ultraviolet ray from sunlight. Vitamin D has a significant role in calcium homeostasis and cellular growth and facilitating normal immune system function. High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is a particularly important public health in Iran. to The present study aimed at describing the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and identifying its related risk factors.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 200 healthy individuals from AqQala in Golestan province in Iran. Sociodemographic data, vitamin D and calcium intake and duration of outdoor activities were collected via a brief interview questionnaire. Blood samples were collected and serum level 25 (OH) D3 were measured using ELFA method. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 21 software.
Results: High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was common in the studied population. Severe and intermediate vitamin D deficiency in the study population was 12% and 37.5%, respectively. Lower level of vitamin D deficiency was seen in 22% them. Men (81.7%) and women (65.5%) suffered vitamin D deficiency. Mean serum 25-(OH)D was significantly  associated with age, sex, and duration of sunlight exposure ;P<0.001.There was no significant difference in serum 25-(OH)D level in regard to ageand physical activity (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Vitamin D is highly deficient in Agh Ghala inhabitants; particularly in men. This requires transferring the necessary information to the community and persuading them  to improve their life style.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2017/05/15 | Accepted: 2017/08/15 | Published: 2017/09/3

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