Volume 12, Issue 1 And 2 (Spring & Summer 2005)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2005, 12(1 And 2): 9-15 | Back to browse issues page

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Farajzadeh Z, Kaheni S, Saadatjoo S. The relationship between level of stress and hypertension- overcoming strategies. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2005; 12 (1 and 2) :9-15
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-47-en.html
1- Instructor, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran , sima@bums.ac.ir
2- Instructor, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (15016 Views)
Background and Aim: Hypertension is one of the most important health threatening risk factors in human beings, especially in developing countries such as Iran. It is a multi-factorial disease developed due to introduction of various environmental and genetic factors. Stress and coping strategies are among the causing and accelerating factors of hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between level of stress and coping strategies on one hand, and hypertension on the other.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive–analytical one conducted on 120 patients who had referred to heart and internal medicine clinics of Valyye-Asr Hospital and were selected through sequential sampling. The data of study was gathered through personal characteristics forms, paykel questionnaire of important life events scale, jalopies coping strategies scale, and interviewing. Also blood pressure, height, and weight were measured by employing a standard method. Finally, the data was analysed by means of frequency distribution table, Chi-Square, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and logistic regression at the significant level of P≤0.05.
Results: The results indicate that in gender, marital status, level of education, household income, and level of stress points of view there was no significant difference between those who had hypertension and those who didnchr('39')t. However, there were significant differences on the residence of the subjects (P=0.004), body mass index (P=0.02) ineffective stress coping strategy (P=0.01), and emotion-based coping (p=0.01) between the patients with hypertension and those not having the disease. In addition, this study showed that blood pressure increased with aging and that those unaffected by hypertension were mostly villagers and used emotion-based coping strategies.
Conclusion: According to the findings of the research, there is no significant relationship between level of stress and problem-based hypertension coping strategy. However, there is a significant relationship between hypertension and ineffective coping strategy. Also those unaffected by hypertension mostly use emotionoriented coping strategy.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Clinical Psychology
Received: 2006/09/6 | Accepted: 2016/03/10 | ePublished: 2016/03/10

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