Volume 28, Issue 1 (April 2021)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci 2021, 28(1): 23-11 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 971166
Ethics code: IR.MUMS.NURSE.REC.1398.005


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Kamalimanesh B, Moradi M, Fathi M, Afiat M, Boroumand Rezazadeh M, Shakeri M T. Effect of self-hypnosis on the experience of delivery fear and duration of labor in primiparity: A randomized clinical trial. J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2021; 28 (1) :23-11
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2895-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Nursing and Midwifery care Research Centre, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran & Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , Moradim@mums.ac.ir
3- Department of Anesthesia, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4- Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
5- Department of Biostatistics, school of health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (1392 Views)
Background and Aims: Fear of delivery in females can lead to negative side effects, such as the experience of long and hard labor. Reduction of delivery fear is one of the goals of natural delivery program, and hypnosis has been considered a way to reduce this fear. With regard to the contradictory results of the studies in this field, this study aimed to determine the effect of self-hypnosis on the experience of delivery fear and duration of labor in primiparity.
Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 63 pregnant women who were divided into self-hypnosis (n=30) and control groups (n=33) using a blocking method in Mashhad, Iran, during 2019. The intervention group received two sessions of hypnosis at 37th and 38th weeks of pregnancy which consisted of listening to an audio file until delivery time. On the other hand, the control group received only the routine care. Fear was evaluated at 37th week of pregnancy and 24 h after delivery. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16), and a p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The mean scores of delivery fear experience (P<0.001), as well as the duration of the second stage (P=0.013) and third stage of labor (P=0.009) were significantly lower in the self-hypnosis group, compared to the controls.
Conclusion: Self-hypnosis was effective in reducing the experience of delivery fear and duration of the second and third stages of labor in primiparity. Therefore, self-hypnosis is recommended to reduce the experience of delivery fear and duration of the second and third stages of labor in primiparity.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Midwifery
Received: 2020/07/30 | Accepted: 2020/11/17 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/11/29 | ePublished: 2021/03/5

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