Volume 25, Issue 4 (December 2018)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2018, 25(4): 326-333 | Back to browse issues page

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Azarkar Z, Haghdoust A, Sharifzadeh G, Parsamanesh N. Seroepidemiology of hepatitis E in mental retardation in Birjand city in 2017. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2018; 25 (4) :326-333
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2476-en.html
1- Infection department, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran & Infectious Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
3- Health faculty, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
4- Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. , neginparsa.684@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1671 Views)
Background and Aim: Hepatitis E is a viral disease transmitted through contaminated water, which is most commonly reported as an epidemic. Mental retardation among high-risk groups are at high risk of infection, Therefore, the present study was designed and conducted to evaluate the seroepidemiology of hepatitis E in mentally retarded individuals.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was performed on 300 clients in Birjand and they were selected by the census. The Diapro Anti-Hev-IgG kit was used in this study. Data were collected by SPSS software (revision 19) and descriptive statistics were analyzed by Chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests at the level of α: 0.05.
Results: Of the 300 individuals selected, a total of 267 subjects were included: 180 (67.5%) male and 87 (32.5%) female were included in the study, 62 of which (23.1%) had E-positive hepatitis and 205 (76.5%) had E-negative hepatitis. The results of the study showed that there was no significant relationship between sex and positive serology of hepatitis E, but there was a direct correlation between age and age of entering the center with positive hepatitis E serology(P=0/001). Also, the relationship between hepatitis E serology and duration of stay in the center was not significant (P = 0/27).
Conclusion: The high prevalence of hepatitis E in mentally retarded individuals is alarming and emphasizes the need for appropriate screening and hygiene strategies.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Virology
Received: 2018/04/11 | Accepted: 2018/09/23

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