Volume 22, Issue 4 (Winter 2015)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2015, 22(4): 304-315 | Back to browse issues page

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Azami M, Borji M, Ghanbari F, Nikpay S, Sayehmiri K. Hepatitis B vaccination coverage of physicians and nurses in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis study. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2015; 22 (4) :304-315
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-1842-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Sciences , Ilam, Iran.
2- Student Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
3- Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences , Ilam, Iran.
4- Department of Biostatistics, Research Center for Prevention of Psychosocial Impairment, Ilam University of Medical Sciences , Ilam, Iran , sayehmiri@razi.tums.ab.ir
Abstract:   (12201 Views)

Background and Aim: Iranian physicians and nurses are not aware of the total extent of  HB vaccination, as the most effective way of preventing HBV infection. The current review study aimed at determining the extent of HB vaccination in these two groups.

Materials and Methods: The current study was done on the basis of received information from Magiran, Iran medex, IranDoc, SID, Medlib and international databases including Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Pubmed, Science Direct and also  Google Scholar searching motor between . 1993 and 2015, using standard key words. Searching and extraction of data was independently done by two . reviewers. Then, the reviewed articles that had the inclusion criteria were studied. The obtained  data was analyzed by means of random effect model and meta-analyses method, using Stata software (Ver:11.1)

Results: A total of 4104 subjects were studied in 16 articles. . Hepatitis B vaccination history in physicians and nurses were 88.7% (CI: 95%: 81.4-96) and 93.5% (CI: 95%: 65.3-86.7), respectively. Hepatitis B vaccination coverage of physicians and nurses was estimated to be 73.1 %( CI: 95%: 53.2-92.9) and 76% (CI: 95%: 65.3-86.7), respectively. The relationship between hepatitis B vaccinations coverage with the year of study  in physicians  was not statistically significant (P=0.146). But, in nurses this relationship was significant (P=0.016).

Conclusion: The obtained results show in spite of the fact that  approximately two-thirds of physicians  and nurses have their complete  vaccination plan this fraction is far from an ideal state and it requires to be promoted.

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Type of Study: Review | Subject: Immunology
Received: 2015/04/5 | Accepted: 2015/11/3 | Published: 2016/02/21 | ePublished: 2016/02/21

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