Volume 11, Issue 3 (October 2004)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci 2004, 11(3): 22-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Mehran N, Bolhari G, Asgharnejad Farid A, Miri M. Social and psychological characteristics of suicide attempters in comparison with normal individuals in Birjand. J Birjand Univ Med Sci 2004; 11 (3) :22-29
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-219-en.html
1- MSc. in Clinical Psychology, Imam Reza Hospital, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (17707 Views)
Background and Aim: Suicide is one of the major health problems in the world and it is necessary to study and define it in Iran. The purpose of this study was to describe social and psychological characteristics of suicide attempters in comparison with normal individuals.
Materials and Methods: In this case- control study, 50 individuals (35 females, 15 males) who had referred, because of a suicide, attempt to two emergency centers in Birjand city and 50 normal individuals (35 females, 15males) of the personnel of Birjand University of Medical Science (personnel of Imam Reza hospital) as the case and control groups respectively. In order to collect data the questionnaire of WHO concerning prevention plan of suicide, including demographic information, social/individual characteristics, mental health test, Beck depression inventory, hopelessness, anger, and social support was used. The data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics such as Chi-Square, average computing, independent t-test using SPSS software. P<0.05 was defined as significant.
Results: With respect to an attempt to suicide, we can mention the followings as the most common type: using drugs (39 People, 72%) using poisonous substances (6 People, 12%), and self burning (5 people, 10%). According to the present research, most of women cited family problems, conflict with husband, family and friend’s vicissitudes, mental problems as reasons for suicide attempting (31persons, 62%). The most important reasons in males’ suicide attempt was related to problems of military service and mental disorders (8 individuals, 16%).The level of depression, hopelessness, and anger was significantly more than that of normal individuals among suicide attempting group (P<0.05). Besides suicide attempting group enjoyed less mental health. With respect to social
support there was not a significant difference between the two groups.
Conclusion: Suicide attempt is higher among people under 30, and it is even higher among married women. Besides, depression, as a psychological disorder, brings about attempting to suicide.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Clinical Psychology
Received: 2006/09/6 | Accepted: 2014/01/9 | ePublished: 2014/01/9

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