Volume 23, Issue 3 (October 2016)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2016, 23(3): 246-256 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. , un.amirabadi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (11273 Views)

Background and Aim: Regarding the ever-increasing of genetic diseases, counseling for the prevention of these diseases has got overwhelming necessity. Thus, promoting individuals’ awareness of genetic counseling is required. The current study aimed at determining the effect of an educational program based on Health Belief Model on knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy of urbanized women in need of genetic counseling.

Materials and Methods: In this randomized field trial study, 80 married women in need of genetic counseling were divided into two equal case and control groups. Data collection means were a researcher-designed questionnaire consisting of demographic data and health belief model queries, which were completed by interview. Educational intervention was done during three 90 minute sessions with one week interval between each one. Finally, the obtained data was fed into SPSS (version 16) applying the statistical tests of Chi-square, repeated ANOVA, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney and Friedman for analysis; and P<0.05 was taken as the significant level.

Results: Mean knowledge, threats, benefits, barriers, and self-efficacy in the two groups had no significant difference before intervention (P>0.05), but the difference became significant immediately and three months after intervention (P<0.001). There was a significant difference between the knowledge, threat, perceived benefits, barriers and self-efficacy in the two groups three week intervals before and  immediately after intervention, before and after the three months, immediately and after three months in the experimental group (P<0.001), but the difference was not significant in the control group.

Conclusion: The results showed that educational interventions based on HBM increases women's knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy regarding the role of genetic counseling in the prevention of congenital malformations.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health Education
Received: 2015/12/5 | Accepted: 2016/02/10 | Published: 2016/12/5