Volume 17, Number 4 (January 2010)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2010, 17(4): 296-307 | Back to browse issues page


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J. Jamali, A. Feizi, S.M. Hosseini, A. Kazemnejad, Z. Parsayekta. Knowledge level of the warning signs of cancer and its affecting factors in Tehran's population above 18 years. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2010; 17 (4) :296-307
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-846-en.html

1- M.Sc , Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Assistant Professor Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical , awat_feiz@hlth.mui.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4- Professor Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
5- Associate Professor Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (14716 Views)
Background and Aim: Early diagnosis of cancer warning signs and the necessary actions can be an effective step in prevention of cancer and its progression toward advanced stages of disease. The present study, as the first comprehensive research, investigated the knowledge level of the warning signs of cancer and its correlated determinants in Tehran inhabitants. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2007 on people aged above 18 years living in Tehran and Suburbs. Data were collected by means of questionnaires from 2500 persons who were selected through multi-stage cluster sampling. In this study, knowledge, considered as a latent response variable based on the knowledge of persons about each of the nine warning signs of cancer, which was evaluated by generalized latent class regression model. Moreover the factors affecting the level of knowledge were assessed. The analysis was done be means of Latent Gold software. Results: A small portion of respondents (18.82%) had high knowledge about warning signs of cancer and more respondents had moderate (54.49%) or low (26.69%) knowledge level. The most important determinants of level of knowledge were education level, gender and marital status. Conclusion: This study showed that the overall level of knowledge and recognition of warning signs of cancer is low in the studied population. The obtained data about level of knowledge and its effective factors are useful in developing programs of cancer prevention, especially in the field of health education.
Full-Text [PDF 287 kb]   (1723 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2011/05/16 | Accepted: 2016/03/10 | Published: 2016/03/10

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