Volume 12, Issue 1 And 2 (Spring & Summer 2005)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2005, 12(1 And 2): 9-15 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Education, Tarbiat Moallem University, Tehran, Iran , farahani@saba.tmu.ac.ir
2- M.Sc. in Psychology
Abstract:   (10330 Views)
Background and Aim: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a kind of chronic disease of the central nervous system and the most common neurological disorder of it. The disease is the result of damage to the myelin tissue manifested in various symptoms. This study was aimed to compare the five big personality factors and locus of control in patients with MS syndrome and these items in normal individuals.
Materials and Methods: In this causal-comparative study, 42 MS patients and 42 normal individuals participated, who were all matched with respect to sex, age, marital status and academic level. The Five Big Personality Factors Questionnaire (Gardoon) and Locus of Control were employed. The data was analyzed using independent t-test at the significant level P≤0.05.
Results: The mean of neuroticism factor in MS patients and normal individuals was 28.40±8.77 and 23.21±5.44, respectively. The mean of dutifulness factor in the patients was 50.83±6.66 and in normal ones it was 54.21±3.64 (P<0.005). The mean of Chance locus of control dimension in MS patients was 28.33, and in normal ones it was 22.78, which was significant (P<0.005).There was not any statistically significant item among the other dimensions in the locus of control and the big five factors.
Conclusion: MS patients, in comparison with normal ones, were statistically significant with respect to Neuroticism and dutifulness dimensions. MS patients scored higher than normal ones in Neuroticism, but their dutifulness dimension was lower than their healthy counterparts. However, in the Chance locus of control dimension, the MS patients received higher scores than normal individuals.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2006/09/6 | Accepted: 2016/03/10 | ePublished: 2016/03/10