Volume 25, Issue 3 (Autumn 2018)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2018, 25(3): 245-254 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Environmental Health, Qaen School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Department of Microbiology, Qaen School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. , Marziehmoghanni@gmail.com
3- Student Research Committee, Qaen School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences,Birjand, Iran.
4- Expert of Infection Control Committee, Qaen Shohada Hospital, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (5863 Views)
Background and Aim: Risk of mortality associated with nosocomial infections in health centers as a problem has always existed. These infections can be transmitted through contact with the environment or equipment to patients. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the frequency of bacterial contamination in different parts of the center Educational and therapeutic center in Qaen Shohada Hospital during the years 2011-2016.
Materials and Methods: In this retrospective descriptive study, Data are collected through archived information in the Infection Control Department of the Educational and Therapeutic Center in Qaen shohada Hospital during the years 2011-2016 The sampling was done by the census. Variables such as year, physical environment, sampling levels, equipment, type of bacteria (gram positive or negative) were recorded in the checklist. Type of bacteria based on blood agar and EMB agar and gram stain was performed. Finally, the data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 20) and analyzed using Chi-Square tests and Fisher exact test.
Results: The results of this study showed that of 1758 samples, 542 cases (30.8%) had bacterial contamination. The most bacterial strains were gram-positive (77.3%). Among the different parts of the hospital, the highest contamination was found in the kitchen (75%) and then the internal section (51.3%). Among the equipment that was cultured on the bacteria, the most contamination was related to medical equipment (69.3%).
Conclusion: The study showed that bacterial contamination levels and departments of different hospitals are significant. The use of standard preventive and controlling infectious disease guidelines can be effective in reducing these infections.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2018/03/15 | Accepted: 2018/09/11 | ePublished ahead of print: 2018/10/7 | ePublished: 2018/09/15