Volume 25, Issue 1 (April 2018)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2018, 25(1): 42-51 | Back to browse issues page

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Barfi M, Miri M R, Ramazani A A, Norozi E. The effect of education based on the Theory of Planned Behavior in smoking . J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2018; 25 (1) :42-51
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2369-en.html
1- MSc Student in Health education and Health promotion, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical sciences, Birjand, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical sciences, Birjand, Iran , miri_ moh2516@yahoo.com
3- MSc in epidemiology , Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical sciences, Birjand, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical sciences, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (1505 Views)
Background and Aim: Cigarette smoking is a complex learning process and educational programs play an important role in empowering people by providing the necessary knowledge and knowledge. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of education based on the theory of planned behavior on cigarette smoking in smoker men in the city of Zirkoh.
Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study, sampling was performed in cluster fashion in 1395 among smokers who were covered by all health houses in Zirkouh with a sample size of 94 (n=47).The sample size was 94 people (intervention and control group, each of 47). Data collection tools included a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior structures, that its validity and reliability has been approved. The educational intervention was performed in 6 sessions of 90 minutes for the intervention group and the questionnaire was completed for both groups before, immediately and three months after the intervention. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 19) using an independent t-test, Chi-Square and repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA) at a significant level of 0.05.
Results: The results showed significant differences in mean of attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention and behavior in smoking in the experimental group after the intervention had occurred (P<0.001), but no significant change was observed in the control group (P>0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, Education based on the theory of planned behavior has a positive impact on smoking behavior, Therefore, it is recommended that the above educational model is used to modify the behavior of smokers.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health Education
Received: 2017/11/15 | Accepted: 2018/02/6 | Published: 2018/04/10

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