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Sayadi M H, Siami M, Esmailpour M, Hajiani M. The efficiency of biosynthesis silica nanoparticles at removal of heavy metals Cr and Cu from aqueous solutions. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2017; 24 (1) :36-49
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2180-en.html

1- Department of Environment, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran. , mh_sayadi@yahoo.com
2- Department of Environment, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran.
3- Department of Chemistry, School of Science, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran.
Abstract:   (638 Views)

Background and Aim: Nanotechnology considered as one of the main management strategy in reducing negative effects of water pollution, which leads to treating of water inexpensive and more effective. This study aimed to investigate the removal of Cr and Cu from aqueous solutions using nano-silicate which is synthesized by rice husk.

Materials and Methods: In the present study, functionalized nano-silica with rice husk was fabricated and characterized by FT-IR، TEM, SEM and XRD. The effect of adsorbent dosage, initial concentration and equilibrium of chromium and copper and contact time in removal of mentioned heavy metals were investigated. Finally, the adsorption isotherms were analyzed.

Results: The silica nanoparticles had nearly spherical morphology with a uniform size of about 80 nm. However, the obtained functionalized silica nanoparticles were spherical (about 90 nm in diameter). Results showed that optimum adsorption of Cr and Cu contaminant obtained at 100 minutes, while the optimum amount of adsorbent for Cr and Cu were 125 and 100 mg respectively. The optimal concentration of Cr and Cu was 2 mg/l. The correlation coefficients of adsorption isotherms of Cr (R2Langmuir =0.9946) and Cu (R2Langmuir =0.999) showed the good agreement between the adsorption data and Langmuir model.

Conclusion: The study showed that the silica nanoparticles can be produced using agricultural waste as a inexpensive and environmentally friendly method and can be used to removing of contaminants from the aquatic environment.

Full-Text [PDF 763 kb]   (76 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2016/09/29 | Accepted: 2017/02/19 | Published: 2017/06/11

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