Volume 23, Issue 3 (October 2016)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2016, 23(3): 222-234 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghafoori M, Naghizadeh A. Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamics study of humic acid removal process from aquatic environment by chitosan nano particle. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2016; 23 (3) :222-234
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-2002-en.html

1- Member of Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. , al.naghizadeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4163 Views)

Background and Aim: Humic substances include natural organic polyelectrolyte materials that formed most of the dissolved organic carbon in aquatic environments. Reaction between humic substances and chlorine leading to formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) those are toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic. The aim of this study was investigation of isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics of humic acid removal process by nano chitosan from aquatic environment.

Materials and Methods: This practical research was an experimental study that performed in a batch system. The effect of various parameters such as pH, humic acid concentration, contact time, adsorbent dosage, isotherms, thermodynamics and Kinetics of humic acid adsorption process were investigated. Humic acid concentration measured using spectrophotometer at wave length of 254 nm.

Results: The results of this research showed that maximum adsorption capacity of nanochitosan that fall out in concentration of 50 mg/l and contact time of 90 minutes was 52.34 mg/g. Also, the maximum adsorption was observed in pH = 4 and adsorbent dosage 0.02 g. Laboratory data show that adsorption of humic acid by nanochitosan follow the Langmuir isotherm model. According to result of thermodynamic study, entropy changes (ΔS) was equal to 2.24 J/mol°k, enthalpy changes (ΔH) was equal to 870 kJ/mol and Gibbs free energy (ΔG) was negative that represent the adsorption process is spontaneous and endothermic. The kinetics of adsorption has a good compliant with pseudo second order model.

Conclusion: Regarding to results of this study, nano chitosan can be suggested as a good adsorbent for the removal of humic acids from aqueous solutions.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2015/12/18 | Accepted: 2016/06/14 | Published: 2016/10/2

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