Volume 22, Issue 3 (October 2015)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2015, 22(3): 274-285 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Assistant Professor in Medical Education Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- Health Services Management Research Center, Institute for Futures Stuides in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3- MSc Student in Health Services Administration, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Fars, Iran rasuli@bums.ac.ir , rasuli@bums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5596 Views)

Background and Aim: Identifying factors associated with employees empowerment of their working centers can promote organizational performance of hospitals. The current study aimed at investigating the relationship of both organizational climate and organizational silence with psychological empowerment in the public hospitals affiliated with Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS).

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional and correlational study was carried out in 2015. Using a stratified randomized sampling, 400 employees were selected from the public. hospitals affiliated with BUMS.  Data collection tools were. three self-administered questionnaires including organizational climate, organizational silence, and psychological empowerment. . Validity and reliability of the questionnaires were verified using experts judgment and Cronbach alpha coefficients more than 0.7, respectively. Data analysis was done by means of SPSS (V: 18) software using one sample t test, independent t test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and one-way ANOVA. The cut-off point of 70%.of Likert-type scale (3.5) was considered as an acceptable mean for each variable.

Results: The mean organizational climate and organizational silence was 2.45 and 3.18, respectively which did not correspond with an acceptable mean (P<0.05). Although the mean psychological construct which was 3.6 had an acceptable value, mean of the two other sub-variables i.e. “trust to others” and “self-determination” were 3.2±0.83 and 3.42±0.67, respectively; and they were not at an acceptable level (P<0.05). It is observed that both organizational climate and organizational silence were positively correlated to psychological empowerment with 0.6 and 0.58 coefficients, respectively (P<0.05).

Conclusion:  It is suggested that the hospitals administrators should promote the psychological empowerment of their employees  through improving organizational climate and decreasing organizational silence;  and thus, increase their positive participation and employing deserved plans to improve workplace climate and eliminate the silence behavior through employee engagement and more opportunity to express their ideas.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Management of health services
Received: 2015/08/13 | Accepted: 2015/12/5 | Published: 2016/02/17