Volume 23, Number 1 (April 2016)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2016, 23(1): 44-55 | Back to browse issues page


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Salehnia S, Barikbin B, Dorri H. The efficiency of magnetic carbon activated by iron oxide nanoparticles in removing of Cu (II) from aqueous solutions. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2016; 23 (1) :44-55
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-1928-en.html

1- MSc, Environmental health engineering graduate student, Member of Student Research Committee, School of Public Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Social Determination of Health Research Center, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. , b_barikbin@yahoo.com
3- Master of Chemistry, Environmental chemistry laboratory, School of Public Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (5770 Views)

Background and Aim: Copper ions, due to forming complexes with organic and mineral compounds, can have worrying effects on health and environment. In the present study, the effect of powdered magnetic carbon activated by iron-oxide nanoparticles in removing of CU (V; II) from aqueous solutions was assessed.

Materials and Methods: This experimental study aimed at determining the effect of powdered magnetic carbon activated  by iron-oxide nanoparticles  parameters including PH, contact time, absorbing dose, and initial concentration on copper(II) removal .from aqueous solutions; through an indirect current. In order to assess the qualities of the synthetized adsorbent, TGA, FT-IR and SEM tests were applied. Residual concentration of copper was measured at 324nm wavelength by means of atomic absorption spectrometry flame. The obtained data was analyzed using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm model.

Result: It was found that synthetic nanoparticles(PH=10), with the adsorbent dosage of 1gr/l, can remove more than 96% of copper ions from aqueous solutions at 2 minutes. Also, the results showed that copper absorption pattern is more in accord with Langmuir model. 

Conclusion: Based on the current findings , magnetic synthesized nanoparticles coated with carbon. are in sporadic form in aqueous solutions. and can easily be separated using external magnetic environment. Moreover, because of existant active carbon sites absorption in iron oxide structure suferficial absorbtion capacity increases and and these nanoparticles reveal to have a high performance in the removing process of copper pollutants from aqueous solutions.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2015/08/3 | Accepted: 2016/01/6 | Published: 2016/04/23

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