Volume 22, Number 4 (January 2015)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2015, 22(4): 316-326 | Back to browse issues page


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Soheili A, Baharara J, Mahdavi Shahri N, Zafar Balanejad S, Amini E. Protective Effect of the Persian Gulf brittle star Ophiocoma Erinaceus extract on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced liver damage in adult male Wistar rats. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2015; 22 (4) :316-326
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-1803-en.html

1- MSC Student, Department of Biology, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
2- Professor, Department of Biology& Research center for Animal Developmental Applied Biology, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran. , baharara@yahoo.com
3- Professor, Department of Biology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
5- PhD, Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4474 Views)

Background and Aim:  Brittle star possess  bioactive compounds which confer the wound healing capacity and regenerative potency of damaged  arms and organisms to this creature. The aim of the current study was to assess the   protective  effect  of  the  star extract on liver damages induced by carbon tetrachloride in adult male Wistar rats.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 32 adult male rats were randomly divided into 4 equal groups: control, Sham exposed, experimental 1 (treated with %25 extract) and experimental 2 (treated with %50 extract) of star Ophiocoma Erinaceus. The control group received no treatment. The sham exposed groups received carbon tetrachloride .(50% in olive oil) .0.5 ml/kg for 7 days. The experimental groups firstly received carbon tetrachloride, then received %25, %50 brittle star extract as intragastric for 7 days. Finally, the animals were sacrificed, and their bodies and livers were weighed. Then, the livers sections were prepared and were examined by means of light microscope. Finally, the obtained  quantitative data was analyzed using SPSS (V; 20), Mini Tab software, ANOVA, and Tukey. at the significant level of P<0.001.

Results: Carbon tetrachloride significantly decreased the rats’ body weight, but it increased their livers weight (P<0.001). Histopathological evaluations showed .extensive liver damage. On the other hand, treatment with brittle star extract .ncreased liver weight, reduced. body weight and significantly altered other induced changes by carbon tetrachloride on liver structure such as hepatocytes number, Kupffer cells, and arteritis, which indicated  the improvement of damaged liver tissue (P<0.001).

Conclusion: It was found that brittle star extract can exert protective effects on  liver damages induced by carbon tetrachloride on male Wistar rat.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Histology
Received: 2015/01/27 | Accepted: 2015/11/25 | Published: 2016/01/19

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