Volume 22, Number 3 (October 2015)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2015, 22(3): 199-208 | Back to browse issues page


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Hoseini Soorand A, Miri M R, Sharifzadeh G. Effect of curriculum based on theory of planned behavior, on components of theory in patients with hypertension. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2015; 22 (3) :199-208
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-1778-en.html

1- Student Health Education, school of health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran;
2- Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran; , miri_moh2516@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (3404 Views)

Background and Aim: Hypertension is one of the most common and important non-communicable diseases and health problems in the world today nevertheless, it is preventable and controllable. Theory of Planned Behavior is one of the major theories that explains the process of adopting healthy behaviors. The present study aimed  atat determining the effect of the theory on components of theory in patients with hypertension.

Materials and Methods:. This randomized controlled field trial study was done on 110 patients with hypertension in Zirkouh city who were divided into two equal groups. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire used were determined through face and content validity and through Cronbach’s alpha and test-retest, respectively. The obtained data was analyzed by means of SPSS software (V: 16) using statistical t-test and repeated analysis of variance.

Results: Both groups were similar regarding  mean  score of  the theory components before intervention, but after the intervention the average scores of the experimental group increased. The attitude increased from 48.7 to  64.1, subjective norm from 34.9 to 43.1, perceived behavioral control from 33.8 to 43, intention behavior from 33.9 to 41.09 and behavior from 65.6 to 82.45) and these differences were statistically significant (P<0.001).

However, nosignificant difference was observed in the control group.

Conclusion: Regarding the positive effect of education based on The Theory of Planned Behavior in controlling hypertension, planning of a curriculum  based on this theory is recommended.

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Subject: Health Education
Received: 2015/01/4 | Accepted: 2015/06/23 | Published: 2015/11/18

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