Volume 19, Number 6 (supplementary: cardiovascular 2013)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2013, 19(6): 42-49 | Back to browse issues page


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Eshraghi S, Khamosan A, Dastjerdy R, Vejdan M, Kazemi T. Personality traits of patients with myocardial infarctio A case-control study. J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2013; 19 (6) :42-49
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-1172-en.html

1- M.sc, Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University: Birjand Branch, Birjand, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Science, Birjand, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, birjand university of medical sciences, Birjand, Iran.
5- Associate Professor, Atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Research Centre,birjand university of medical sciences, Birjand, Iran , : drtooba.kazemi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (12085 Views)
Background and Aim: In addition to some physiological factors such as hypertension, obesity, hyperlipdemia, and smoking. Psychological factors, especially personality traits of individuals, also accelerate and intensify cardiovascular diseases. The goal of the present study was to draw a comparison between personality traits of patients with myocardial infarction and those of healthy individuals. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was performed in Birjand Valli-e-asr hospital. Our statistical population were 60 individuals. The cases were 30 patients aged 30-60 yrs whose education level was diploma or higher. All of them, including 10 females and 20 males, were MI patients. The controls were 30 healthy people, with the same gender distribution as the cases. The two groups were matched for age, number of kids, marital status, employment, income, education, blood group, and Rh. The abridged form of the big five inventory (BFI), including 44 items, which covered five great personality characteristics, was used for data collection. The obtained data was analyzed by means of SPSS software (V: 15.5) using paired T test at the significant level P … Results: It was found that among the above five great personality characteristics only the mean of neuroticism in the two groups was significantly different, (P=0.004).Besides, mean point of the patients in other traits was higher but not statistically significant. Conclusion: Personality traits are decisive in the incidence of myocardial infarction .E.g.neuroticism, manifested in a large scale of negative feelings, is obviously more in MI patients.
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Subject: Clinical Psychology
Received: 2012/07/23 | Accepted: 2013/01/30

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