Volume 19, Issue 3 (October 2012)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci 2012, 19(3): 312-323 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Faculty of Public Health and member of Family Health and Environmental Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IRAN , miri_moh2516@yahoo.com
3- Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (20198 Views)
Background and Aim: Menopause is a physiological event occurring in women at about the age of 50. It signals the end of the reproductive years and is associated with signs of estrogen deficiency having a considerable impact on women’s health-related quality of life. The aim of the present study was to investigate factors associated with quality of life in Postmenopausal women based on Behavioral Analysis phase of PRECEDE Model. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted through stratified sampling on200 healthy postmenopausal women in Birjand in 2011. Necessary data was collected by means of two validated and reliable questionnaires, i.e. quality of life questionnaire(MENQOL) and a questionnaire for assessing factors based on Behavioral Analysis phase of PRECEDE Model Inferential and descriptive statistics via SPSS software(Version: 18) was used for data analysis. Results: Mean age of respondents was 54.26±5.26 years and mean age at menopause was 48.89±2.86. More than one third (38.5 %) of menopausal women were illiterate and 7%had University education. Pearson's correlation coefficient indicated a positive relationship between quality of life and attitude toward menopause, enabling, and reinforcing factors but there was a negative relationship between quality of life and knowledge about menopause and women's perceived self-efficacy (P<0/01). The final point to mention is that quality of life was significantly associated with education level, health condition, and economical status. Conclusion: Providing more access to enabling factors, which creates a positive attitude and helping to establish supporting groups is necessary to promote women's health during menopause.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Gynecology & Obstetrics
Received: 2012/06/7 | Accepted: 2012/09/18 | ePublished: 2016/03/10

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