Volume 19, Number 3 (October 2012)                   J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2012, 19(3): 286-293 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghaderi R, Tabiee S, Peyrovi S, Jafari Pour M. Prevalence of atopic dermatitis and its risk factors in 2-5 years old children at kindergartens of Birjand city( 2008). J Birjand Univ Med Sci.. 2012; 19 (3) :286-293
URL: http://journal.bums.ac.ir/article-1-1115-en.html

1- Associate Professor Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Instructor Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery. Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. , shahnaztabiee@bums.ac.ir
3- Physician member of Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (12417 Views)
Background and Aim: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease whose prevalence has increased in the last few decades. It is a multifactorial disease and, in addition to genetic factors, various environmental factors are important in the picture the present study was designed to investigate prevalence of atopic dermatitis and its risk factors in 2-5 year old children at the kindergartens of Birjand city. Materials and Methods: In this case–control study, all 2-5 year olds (810 cases) at the kindergartens of Birjand city were assessed using Hanifin & Rajka criteria. After diagnosing afflicted children, in order to identify risk factors of the disease, 100 of them from the same kindergarten-without atopic dermatitis-were randomly selected as the control group. Both groups were matched with respect to age and sex. A self- designed questionnaire, consisting of 25 questions about risk factors of the disease, was used to collect information. The obtained data was analyzed by SPSS software (V 15) using T-test, Chi- square and logistic regression. Results: Prevalence of atopic dermatitis in children was 14.3%.of which 15.8% were females and 15.6% were over 4 years old. Mean age of feeding on cow milk and eggs was lower in the case group. (P=0.04, P=0.03, respectively).There was a significant association between keeping domestic animals and cigarette smoking in the habitation and atopic dermatitis (OR=3.35, CI=1.17– 9.62, 0.95 OR=3.58 CI=1.13– 11.41, 0.95 respectively). Conclusion: In prevalence of atopic dermatitis, the role of some risk factors including early supplemental nutrition, particularly feeding on cow milk and eggs, cigarette smoking and keeping domestic animals in the habitation are determinative.
Full-Text [PDF 200 kb]   (1683 Downloads)    
Subject: Dermatology
Received: 2012/05/28 | Accepted: 2012/09/30 | Published: 2016/03/10

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb